The Alpine Marmot Project

Welcome to the Alpine Marmot Project

Scientific Publications



Gossmann, T. I., Shanmugasundram, A., Börno, S., Duvaux, L., Lemaire, C., Kuhl, H., Klages, S., Roberts, L.D., Schade, S., Gostner, J.M., Hildebrand F., Vowinckel, J., Bichet, C., Mülleder, M., Calvani, E., Zelezniak, A., Griffin, J.L., Bork, P., Allainé D., Cohas, A., Welch, J.J., Timmermann, B., Hildebrand, F. (2019). Ice-age climate adaptations trap the alpine marmot in a state of low genetic diversity. Current Biology, 29(10), 1712-1720. pdf

Plard F., Fay R., Kéry M., Cohas A., Schaub M. (2019) Integrated population model: A powerful tool to embed individual processes in population dynamics models. Ecology, e02715. pdf


Bichet, C., Lepetit, D., and Cohas, A. (2018). Extrinsic and intrinsic constraints interact to drive extra‐pair paternities in the Alpine marmot. Journal of evolutionary biology, 31: 1794-1802. pdf

Berger, V., Lemaître, J. F., Allainé, D., Gaillard, J. M., and Cohas, A. (2018). Early and Adult Social Environments Shape Sex-Specific Actuarial Senescence Patterns in a Cooperative Breeder. The American Naturalist, 192:525-536. pdf

Cohas, A., Rey, B., Federico, V., Regis, C., Lardy, S., and Bichet, C. (2018). Stress levels of dominants reflect underlying conflicts with subordinates in a cooperatively breeding species. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 72: 72. pdf

Zidat T., Dufour A.-B., Meiffrein G., Gabirot M., Comte G., Allainé D. (2018) Anal scent gland secretions inform on sexual maturity sex and social status in the Alpine marmot Marmota marmota (Rodentia: Sciuridae): a role in intrasexual competition in cooperative breeders? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 125:229-239.pdf


Dupont P., Allainé D., Cohas A., Pradel R. (2017) Testing determinants of the annual individual fitness: An overall mean mixture model for de‐lifing data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9:668-680. pdf


Berger V., Lemaître JF., Dupont P., Allainé D., Gaillard JM. and Cohas A. (2016) Age-specific survival in the socially monogamous alpine marmot (Marmota marmota): evidence of senescence. Journal of Mammalogy,  97:992–1000. pdf

Bichet C., Allainé D., Sauzet S. and Cohas A. (2016) Faithful or not: direct and indirect effects of climate on extra-pair paternities in a population of Alpine marmots. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283: 20162240. pdf

Bichet C., Sauzet S., Averty L., Dupont P., Ferrandiz-Rovira M., Ferrari C., Figueroa I., Tafani M., Rézouki C., López BC., and Cohas, A. (2016) Multiple geographic origins and high genetic differentiation of the Alpine marmots reintroduced in the Pyrenees. Conservation Genetics, 17: 1157–1169. pdf

Canale C.I., Ozgul A., Allaine D., Cohas A. (2016) Differential plasticity of size and mass to environmental change in a hibernating mammal. Global Change Biology, 22: 3286-303. pdf

Ferrandiz-Rovira M., Allainé D., Callait-Cardinal MP. and Cohas A. (2016) Mate choice for neutral MHC genètic characteristics in Alpine marmots: different targets in different contexts?  Ecology and Evolution, 6: 4243-4257. pdf

Lardy, S., Rey, B., Salin, K., Voituron, Y., & Cohas, A. (2016). Beneficial effects of group size on oxidative balance in a wild cooperative breeder. Behavioral Ecology, 27: 1820–1825. pdf

Rézouki, C., Tafani, M., Cohas, A., Loison, A., Gaillard, J. M., Allainé, D., & Bonenfant, C. (2016). Socially‐mediated effects of climate change decrease survival of hibernating Alpine marmots. Journal of Animal Ecology,85: 761–773. pdf


Berger V., Lemaître JF., Allainé D., Gaillard JM. and Cohas A. (2015) Early and adult social environments have independent effects on individual fitness in a social vertebrate. Proceedings of Royal Society B, 282:20151167 pdf

Berger V., Lemaître JF., Gaillard JM. and Cohas A. (2015) How do animals optimize the size-number trade-off when aging? Insights from reproductive senescence patterns in marmots. Ecology, 96:46-53 pdf

Dupont, P., Pradel, R., Lardy, S., Allainé, D., & Cohas, A. (2015). Litter sex composition influences dominance status of Alpine marmots (Marmota marmota). Oecologia, 179: 753-763. pdf

 Ferrandiz-Rovira M., Bigot T., Allaine D., Callait-Cardinal M.P., Cohas A. (2015) Large-scale genotyping of highly polymorphic loci by next-generation sequencing: how to overcome the challenges to reliably genotype individuals? Heredity, 114: 485-93. pdf

Lardy, S., Allainé, D., Bonenfant, C., & Cohas, A. (2015). Sex‐specific determinants of fitness in a social mammal. Ecology, 96, 2947-2959. pdf


Lardy S., Allainé D. and Cohas A. (2013) Intrasexual competition and female dominance tenure in a singular breeding mammal, the Alpine marmot. Animal Behaviour, 86:1155–1163. pdf

Tafani M., Cohas A., Bonenfant C., Gaillard J.-M., Allainé D. (2013) Decreasing litter size of marmots over time: a life-history response to climate change? Ecology, 94:580–586. pdf

Tafani M., Cohas A., Bonenfant C., Gaillard J.-M., Lardy S., Allainé D. (2013) Sex-specific senescence in body mass of a monogamous and monomorphic mammal: the case of Alpine marmots. Oecologia, 172:427–436. pdf


Kuduk K., Johanet A., Allainé D., Cohas A., Radwan J. (2012) Contrasting patterns of selection acting on MHC class I and class II DRB genes inthe Alpine marmot (Marmota marmota). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25: 1686-1693. pdf. supporting information

Lardy S., Cohas A., Desouhant E., Tafani M., Allainé D. (2012) Paternity and dominance loss in male breeders : the cost of helpers in a cooperatively breeding mammal. PLoS One 7: e29508. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029508. pdf


Lardy S., Cohas A., Figueroa I., Allainé D. (2011) Mate change in a socially monogamous mammal: evidences support the “forced divorce” hypothesis. Behavioural Ecology, 22: 120-125. pdf


Cohas A., Allainé D. (2009) Social structure influences extra-pair paternity in socially monogamous mammals. Biology Letters, 5: 313-316. pdf

Cohas A., Bonenfant C., Kempenaers B., Allainé D. (2009) Age-specific effect of heterozygosity on survival in alpine marmots, Marmota marmota. Molecular Ecology 18: 1491-1503. pdf

Ramousse R., Metral J., Le Berre M. (2009) Twenty-seventh year of the Alpine marmot introduction in the agricultural landscape of the Central Massif (France). Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 21: 243-250. pdf


Cohas A., Yoccoz N.G., Bonenfant C., Goossens B., Genton C., Galan M., Kempenaers B., Allainé D. (2008) The genetic similarity between pair members influences the frequency of extrapair paternity in alpine marmots. Animal Behaviour, 76: 87-95. pdf


Cohas A., Yoccoz N.G., Allainé D. (2007) Extra-pair paternity in alpine marmot (Marmota marmota): Genetic quality and genetic diversity effects. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61: 1081-1092. pdf

Cohas A., Bonenfant C., Allainé D., Gaillard J-M. (2007) Are extra-pair young better than within-pair young? A comparison of survival and dominance in alpine marmot. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76: 771-781. pdf


Cohas A., Yoccoz N.G., Da Silva A., Goossens B., Allainé D. (2006) Extra-pair paternity in the monogamous alpine marmot (Marmota marmota): The roles of social setting and female mate choice. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 55: 597-605. pdf

Da Silva A., Luikart G., Yoccoz N.G., Cohas A., Allainé D. (2006) Heterozygosity-Fitness-Correlation revealed by microsatellite analyses in European alpine marmots (Marmota marmota). Conservation Genetics, 7: 371-382. pdf


Allainé D. (2004) Sex ratio variation in the cooperatively breeding alpine marmot Marmota marmota. Behavioral Ecology, 15: 997-1002. pdf

Allainé D., Theuriau F. (2004) Is there an optimal number of helpers in alpine marmot family groups? Behavioral Ecology, 15: 916-924. pdf

Devillard S., Allainé D., Gaillard J-M., Pontier D. (2004) Does social complexity lead to sex-biased dispersal in polygynous mammals? A test on ground-dwelling sciurids. Behavioral Ecology, 15: 83-87. pdf


Da Silva A., Luikart G., Allainé D., Gautier P., Taberlet P., Pompanon F. (2003) Isolation and caractérisation of microsatellites in European alpine marmots (Marmota marmota). Molecular Ecology Notes, 3: 189-190. pdf


Farand E., Allainé D., Coulon J. (2002) Variation in survival rates of the monogamous alpine marmot (Marmota marmota) : effects of sex age year and climate factors. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80: 342-349. pdf

King W., Allainé D. (2002) Social, maternal, and environmental influences on reproductive success in female Alpine marmots (Marmota marmota) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80: 2137-2143. pdf


Goossens B., Chikhi L., Taberlet P., Waits L.P., Allainé D. (2001) Microsatellite analysis of genetic variation among and within alpine marmot populations in the French alps. Molecular Ecology, 10: 41-52. pdf


Allainé D. (2000) Sociality mating system and reproductive skew in marmots : evidence and hypotheses. Behavioural Processes, 51: 21-34. pdf

Allainé D., Brondex F., Graziani L., Coulon J., Till-Bottraud I. (2000) Male-biased sex ratio in litters of alpine marmots supports the helper repayment hypothesis. Behavioral Ecology, 11: 507-514. pdf

Louis S., Le Berre M. (2000) Adjustment in flight distance from humans by Marmota marmota. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78: 556-563. pdf

Matarazzo V., Tirard A., Renucci M., Botto J., Bel, MC., Claverie J., Belaich A.,  Clement J. (2000) Identification of odorant receptors from the alpine marmot (Marmota marmota). Cellular and Molecular Biology, 46: 1249-1258. pdf

Semenov Y., Ramousse R., Le Berre M. (2000) Effect of light and temperature on daily activities of the alpine marmot (Marmota marmota Linneus, 1758) in its natural environment. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78: 1980-1986. pdf


Bel M., Coulon J., Sreng L., Allainé, D., Bagneres A., Clement J. (1999) Social signals involved in scent-marking behavior by cheek-rubbing in Alpine marmots (Marmota marmota). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 25: 2267-2283. pdf

Cochet N., Meister R., Florant G., Barre H. (1999) Regional variation of white adipocyte lipolysis during the annual cycle of the alpine marmot. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C – Pharmacology Toxicology & Endocrinology, 123: 225-232. pdf

Cochet N., Georges B., Meister R., Florant G.,  Barre H. (1999) White adipose tissue fatty acids of alpine marmots during their yearly cycle. Lipids, 34: 275-281. pdf


Goossens B., Graziani L., Waits L., Farand E., Magnolon S., Coulon J., Bel MC., Taberlet P., Allainé D. (1998) Extra-pair paternity in the monogamous Alpine marmot revealed by nuclear DNA microsatellite analysis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 43: 281-288. pdf

Allainé D., Graziani L., Coulon J. (1998) Postweaning mass gain in juvenile alpine marmots Marmota marmota. Oecologia, 113: 370-376. pdf

King W., Allainé D.(1998) Copulatory behaviour of alpine marmots (Marmota marmota). Mammalia, 62: 439-441. pdf


Goossens B., Coulon  J., Allainé D., Graziani L., Bel MC., Taberlet P. (1996) Immigration of a pregnant female in an alpine marmot family group: Behavioural and genetic data. Comptes Rendus de l’Academie des Sciences, 319: 241-246. pdf


Bel MC., Porteret C., Coulon J. (1995) Scent deposition by cheek rubbing in the alpine marmot (Marmota marmota) in the French Alps. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73: 2065-2071. pdf

Coulon J., Graziani L., Allainé D., Bel M.C, Pouderoux S. (1995) Infanticide in the alpine marmot (Marmota marmota). Ethology Ecology and Evolution, 7: 191-194. pdf


Allainé D., Rodrigue I., Le Berre M., Ramousse R. (1994) Habitat preferences of alpine marmots, Marmota marmota. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72: 2193-2198. pdf

Perrin C., Allainé D., Le Berre M. (1994) Male intrusion and possible infanticide in alpine marmots. Mammalia, 58: 150-153. pdf


Perrin C., Coulon J., Le Berre M. (1993) Social behavior of alpine marmots (Marmota marmota) – Seasonal, group, and individual variability. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 71: 1945-1953. pdf